• RNAV GPS Approach Tutorial - Microsoft Flight Simulator

    RNAV GPS Approach Tutorial - Microsoft Flight Simulator

    By thecorporatepilotdad

    A professional pilot guided tutorial on how to do an RNAV GPS approach to LPV minimums. This approach is conducted in the Beechcraft (now Textron) Bonanza in Microsoft Flight Simulator. The approach used is the RNAV (GPS) Y RWY 6.

    The RNAV approach can be done in MSFS 2020. I show how to do it correctly and how to make the RNAV GPS approach have a successful outcome. This, and other videos on my channel show how to do instrument approaches with ease.

    RNAV Approach Tutorial to runway 06 in Teterboro, New Jersey (TEB).

    thecorporatepilotdad
    Youtube channel

    About The Author

    This video is produced by thecorporatepilotdad. He has been a FlightSim.Com member for close to twenty years and using Flight Simulator since back in the day of FS98 and FS2000. He is also a professional pilot with over 7000 hours of real world flight experience ranging from Cessna 152s to super-mid size business jets.

    About KTEB

    Teterboro Airport is a busy general aviation reliever airport located in Bergen County, New Jersey, across the Hudson River from New York City. It is owned and managed by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey.


    16 Comments
    1. mitz blitz's Avatar
      mitz blitz -
      Thankyou for this... I have never used RNAV. Your description as to the WHY and HOW makes me want to try it.
    1. dbauder's Avatar
      dbauder -
      Enjoyed the video...You "kids" have it so easy. While have flown the 757/767 in the RW and flown an RNP approach in recurrent, I never got to fly general aviation RNAV.

      Quick question: All the videos I've seen have the moving map 'north up' as opposed to 'track up', that I'm familiar with. Real world or in flightsim, can that be adjusted? 'North up', unless I just happened to be flying north, would probably drive me crazy
    1. MAD1's Avatar
      MAD1 -
      Hi Nels, have had a look at your YouTube site. Whilst I'm still using legacy FS2002, the principles are invariant, so your videos are very good for my general training and the earlier FS's all are able to handle much of what you do in MSFS (aka FS2020). Along with RW YouTube videos, I'm learning heaps and it's all starting to make a much richer experience when I climb into my Cessna 172 cockpit in FS2002.
    1. johnbizjak's Avatar
      johnbizjak -
      Thank you...great video
    1. thecorporatepilotdad's Avatar
      thecorporatepilotdad -
      Quote Originally Posted by mitz blitz View Post
      Thankyou for this... I have never used RNAV. Your description as to the WHY and HOW makes me want to try it.
      You are welcome. I am glad my video made it easier and that you want to give it a try. The representation of what you see is basically the same as an ILS instead of entering a LOC frequency, you're selecting a GPS approach from the FMS or GPS and leaving the source in GPS vs LOC/NAV which is where it would be for an ILS.

      Thecorporatepilotdad
    1. thecorporatepilotdad's Avatar
      thecorporatepilotdad -
      Quote Originally Posted by dbauder View Post
      Enjoyed the video...You "kids" have it so easy. While have flown the 757/767 in the RW and flown an RNP approach in recurrent, I never got to fly general aviation RNAV.

      Quick question: All the videos I've seen have the moving map 'north up' as opposed to 'track up', that I'm familiar with. Real world or in flightsim, can that be adjusted? 'North up', unless I just happened to be flying north, would probably drive me crazy
      I do not get many GPS approaches in the real world. It seems like it's either an ILS approach or a visual approach in the real world. About 1 out of every 20 approaches will be a GPS approach. I remember how awesome it was just being able to use a handheld GPS for enroute VFR operations for the first time in the late 90s vs actually doing a GPS approach in jets nowadays. As far as the track up, I am not sure if that can be changed in FS2020 or not. If there is a way, I do not know how to change the orientation of the map.
    1. Omid-K's Avatar
      Omid-K -
      Thanks for the descriptive video
      So, basically in modern aircraft equipped with an FMS you set the minimums and leave the glide path to the VNAV (or equivalent) right?
    1. Omid-K's Avatar
      Omid-K -
      I forgot to say the reason I'm asking this is I don't think pressing the "Approach" button in a let's say A320 or B737 would make the aircraft follow the GS (glide path) in an RNAV approach. In other words I don't think a full autolanding would be possible with RNAV in real world; right?
    1. TightGit's Avatar
      TightGit -
      This is what all flight sim Tutorials should aspire to!

      I get so frustrated with "Tutorials" from software companies that simply demonstrate what their product can do rather than how to do it.

      Well done.
    1. thecorporatepilotdad's Avatar
      thecorporatepilotdad -
      Quote Originally Posted by Omid-K View Post
      I forgot to say the reason I'm asking this is I don't think pressing the "Approach" button in a let's say A320 or B737 would make the aircraft follow the GS (glide path) in an RNAV approach. In other words I don't think a full autolanding would be possible with RNAV in real world; right?
      Pressing the APPR button would make any aircraft follow the glide path/glide slope on an RNAV/ILS approach. The jets I fly do not have autoland (but I wish they did). I asked two friends who fly 737s. One flies a 737-400 and the other a BBJ. They both said autoland can only be done in conjunction with an ILS. One had this response," Once you arm the approach you engage to second autopilot. At 1500 feet the AP goes through a self-test to verify all of its components are operational. After that test completes FLARE will be armed beneath GS on the flight mode annunciator."

      I hope that answers your question.
    1. thecorporatepilotdad's Avatar
      thecorporatepilotdad -
      Quote Originally Posted by TightGit View Post
      This is what all flight sim Tutorials should aspire to!

      I get so frustrated with "Tutorials" from software companies that simply demonstrate what their product can do rather than how to do it.

      Well done.
      Thank you. Comments like that are the ones I love to hear and tells me I am doing something right. When I started my channel I saw an ILS approach tutorial that was nearly an hour long and started with a cold and dark cockpit. That is not what a tutorial is supposed to be. My first tutorial was an ILS approach in a 172 and I did it in 6 minutes. Since then, my goal is to make tutorials that are accurate, to the point, and informative without wasting people's time. Watch time is not a concern I have. Making quality tutorials that can be understood the first time is a concern.
    1. thecorporatepilotdad's Avatar
      thecorporatepilotdad -
      Quote Originally Posted by Omid-K View Post
      Thanks for the descriptive video
      So, basically in modern aircraft equipped with an FMS you set the minimums and leave the glide path to the VNAV (or equivalent) right?
      Currently, the CJ4 Working Title Mod and the A32X Fly By Wire Mod are the only aircraft that will do VNAV in FS2020. VNAV will hit altitude constraints set by a selected instrument procedure whether it be an approach or an arrival. VNAV will hit the altitude at each waypoint until it gets to the bottom altitude or the altitude set in the altitude selector (it will always level at the preselect altitude even if a lower altitude at a waypoint is ahead). It will do that unless APPR is selected then it will follow the GP in the event of a GPS approach with vertical guidance. Once it captures the glide path, VGP will be displayed on the flight mode annunciator and then it will follow the glide path until it hits the ground or the pilot makes an input (such as doing a go around or landing manually). VGP ignores the altitude selector so the missed approach altitude can be selected and the aircraft will not level off at that altitude if it happens to be an altitude the aircraft is approaching while flying down the glide path or glide slope in the event of an ILS.
    1. thecorporatepilotdad's Avatar
      thecorporatepilotdad -
      Quote Originally Posted by johnbizjak View Post
      Thank you...great video
      Thank you. I am glad you enjoyed it.
    1. howlak's Avatar
      howlak -
      Many thanks, great video, short and clear. Best regards.
    1. Kaman's Avatar
      Kaman -
      The key is understanding when you use NAV vs. APPR mode, and how to set your altitude alerter. Also, checking the correct channel, WAAS (SBAS) is enabled. Verifying annunciations (RNP vs. ANP) during different segments of the approach enroute, terminal, approach, runway, missed approach, etc...briefing your actions in the event of either loss of VNAV or RAIM...
    1. bjl345's Avatar
      bjl345 -
      An image is worth a thousand words? Not always. Thanks for your effort. But for an old fart like me, still written words prevail. You can study them, print them and follow the procedure in your sim. Thks. again.
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